When was the first carpet ever made?

The first rugs were rugs made of sheep wool or goat hair. They entered the scene as early as 2000 or 3000 BC. C.


are thought to have originated somewhere in the Middle East, although exactly where is still unknown.

These first rugs were mainly used to make sitting on the floor more comfortable. The oldest known carpet is the Pazyryk carpet, which dates from the 5th century BC. It was extracted from the tomb of a Scythian prince in the Pazyryk Valley, in Siberia, by Russian archaeologist Sergei Rudenko in the late 1940s. Rudenko believed that the carpet was part of the Achaemenid Empire, but its real origin is still unknown.

The reason it survived 25 centuries was because the tomb was stolen and left open, causing the carpet to become a block of ice, helping to preserve it until it was discovered. In addition, the images it contains tell the story of the Scythian people. They were known as excellent horsemen with an empire that stretched from Eastern Europe to Western Asia. The images woven on the carpet are of griffins, deer and horseback riders.

A year after Bigelow brought us the wide-loom rug, four brothers arrived from England with 14 looms and set up manufacturing facilities known as the Shuttleworth Brothers Company in Amsterdam, New York. To add more to this growing industry, they introduced a new carpet in 1905 called Karnak Wilton. It immediately became popular, and in order to keep up with the rush of sales, they had to build a new, larger building just for that carpet. Then, in 1920, the Shuttleworth brothers merged with another Amsterdam-based carpet manufacturer called McCleary Wallin & Crouse.

They decided to name the new joint venture Mohawk Carpet Mills after the Mohawk River that runs through the city. And since so many people stepped on it, of course, it got very dirty. This gave the company Karastan the perfect opportunity to clean it up and demonstrate to everyone how well it can withstand an incredible amount of foot traffic. Upon seeing this, the nickname changed from “Mystery Rug” to “Wonder Rug”.

And that was just the beginning of the incredible Karastan brand that we know and love today. The term used by the nearly 10,000 tufters to describe the process was “turfin”. The beginning of this tuft helped many families survive the depression, and it also caught the attention of Wannamaker (who, as you can see, has wonderful taste), which led to the great popularity of chenille bedspreads. This also gave Dalton, Georgia, the name “The Quilt Capital of the World.”.

Later, Tufting switched to carpet manufacturing and experienced incredible growth, leading to the opening of many different carpet stores. Dalton is still the best carpet area in the country, which helped to give it the new name “The Carpet Capital of the World”. Despite all the challenges of the modern era, the U.S. UU.

The carpet industry remains the leading supplier of carpets worldwide. The main carpet manufacturers that are still strong are Shaw Industries and Mohawk, which are still headquartered in northwestern Georgia, which have also been dedicated to the production and distribution of other floor surfaces, such as tiles, hardwood, vinyl and laminate. Even with all the different flooring materials to choose from today, carpet is still the most popular flooring option, as a result of the ongoing history of carpets and the new technology that continues to emerge from Dalton to improve stain resistance, durability, color, softness and more. Now, when you look at your rug, you can think of all the hard work that went into creating the beauty, comfort and durability that both you and your feet love.

When you're ready to start, visit a showroom and work with our partners, who will guide you through your project and take you from Dream to Done. Enter your email address and we'll send you instructions on how to reset your password. The patterns of these first rugs were composed of geometric or curvilinear motifs. Handmade rugs are made of transitional materials and very old discoveries are rare.

The oldest known carpet was found in 1947 during excavations in Siberia. The carpet, which is named after its place of discovery, is called the Pazyryk carpet or Gorny-Altai carpet. It measures 183 x 200 cm and is framed by a border of faucets. It has a knot density of approximately 360,000 knots per square meter.

The craftsmanship of its construction is of the highest quality and the carpet has a higher knot density than most rugs you see in stores today. The pattern is very interesting, in the center it is formed by a ribbon motif, on the edge you can see a procession with deer and on the other edge with warriors on horseback. This rug was probably made in Armenia or Persia around 400 BC. And when it was discovered, it was deeply frozen in a block of ice, which is why it is so well preserved.

The carpet can be seen at the State Hermitage Museum, in St. The carpet industry emerged at the end of the 18th century. Skilled weavers produced rugs and carpets using hand-loom technology. In their early years, American carpet manufacturers faced the same problem as other textile manufacturers: imports.

The industry, along with textiles in general, in 1816 and increased protection tariffs in the 1820s. In a first industry survey conducted in 1834, Timothy Pitkin found that 20 carpet factories produced about 1 million square yards. By 1850, a government survey revealed that 116 factories produced 8 million square yards of carpets and carpets (employing more than 6,000 workers). The carpet factories numbered 215, woven more than 20 million square yards and employed 12,000 people.

In the 19th century, Americans used carpets to cover poor quality softwood floors. A commentator wrote in 1872 that the “widespread use of carpets was a necessity a few years ago, due to the fact that the floors of our houses were generally built with materials so poor and unchanged in movement that the floor was too unsightly to leave exposed” (Greeley, 187). In the middle of the 19th century, varnished wooden flooring was introduced). With the wooden floor, there was a decrease in demand for wall-to-wall carpets and an increasing demand for smaller rugs to provide stylistic details.

Employment and production figures indicate that, although there was a gradual increase in productivity, production actually increased along with the number of workers. Erastus Bigelow introduced mechanical loom technology for various types of carpets in the early 1840s, and others quickly followed up with competing designs. While Bigelow's idea—the use of mechanical looms in carpet production—would eventually result in huge increases in productivity, Bigelow's own looms were not the main source of profit, nor did those gains materialize overnight. The production of hand looms surpassed the production of electric looms as early as the 1870s in the Philadelphia area.

Mechanical looms were expensive and manufacturers had great difficulty matching the quality of products produced with hand looms. With few exceptions, these facilities produced carpets using fabric technology. The shiny new factories in Greenville (Mississippi) and Liberty (South Carolina) used the most modern and productive looms and were built according to the most up-to-date standards: single-storey construction and concrete floors, for example, to make possible the use of forklifts. However, the industry encountered an insurmountable obstacle.

Despite decades of gradual progress, woven carpets were still too expensive to penetrate the working-class market. The wholesale price of woven rugs increased slightly during the 1950s. The increases, quite modest, were interpreted in the industry as something of a success. Woven carpet manufacturers also tried other strategies to increase sales in the 1950s.

Some manufacturers experimented with selling carpets “on time” (credit) through retailers; others emphasized style and elegance. The main impact of advertising campaigns seems to have been to create awareness and desire for carpets in general. In 1949, this would have seemed like a winning strategy. Here, the residue of intentional action intersected with the historic accident of Catherine Evans.

By the 1920s, the South had become home to most of the U.S. Part of this shift to the south was due to the movement of capital from the north to the south, but most of the change could be due to new firms from the south: large firms such as West Point Manufacturing in Georgia and Burlington Mills in North Carolina, and smaller firms such as Dalton, Crown Cotton Mill in Georgia and American Hosiery Mill. After the Civil War, and especially after 1880, companies in the south borrowed technology from the north, started at the bottom of the quality chain with the thickest fabrics and began what could be called a regional learning process. Much of this development was the result of a deliberate effort to industrialize the region.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the South had not yet developed a regional textile machine manufacturing industry, but cotton, hosiery and other textile companies had recruited and trained a large number of mechanics to maintain machinery purchased in the Northeast. Mechanics in the Dalton area and nearby Chattanooga began adapting sewing machines to insert raised tufts of thread, and by the early 1930s, many distribution houses became spreading factories or factories. The owners of the spreading mills employed a mostly female workforce to operate the sewing machines that now created the relief patterns. By the late 1930s, several of these companies had begun experimenting with multi-needle machines that could drill wider strips of support material more quickly.

Some firms, such as the one cleverly named Cabin Crafts (to evoke the image of a craft industry that had ceased to exist) had started manufacturing small rugs covering the entire surface of a piece of support material with tufts. Hosiery mechanics, such as Albert and Joe Cobble, founded companies in the southern industrial dynamo of Chattanooga, Tennessee (less than 30 miles from Dalton) to build special machines for the tufted quilt and small carpet industry. Based on these technological roots, entrepreneurs in the area began experimenting with the manufacture of large carpets and wall-to-wall carpets with this process of creating tufts. Around 1949, the firm Cobble Brothers and an innovative Dalton spread manufacturing company, Cabin Crafts, introduced tuft making machinery wide enough to produce carpets in a single pass.

Carpet manufacturers could buy cheap pre-woven backing materials. Manufacturers tested cotton with mostly poor results. Over time, Indian jute became the main support material for tufted carpets during the 1960s. In the 1970s, manufacturers developed synthetic substitutes suitable for jute.

The tufted carpet industry experienced a meteoric rise in the 1950s, but many skeptics saw it as a passing fad that would fade away. A machinery executive joked that “every year was the last great year for tuft manufacturing in the 1950s, according to industry observers. The obvious inferiority of cotton made the argument plausible. There is no doubt that consumers, many in the old fabric industry argued, would eventually get tired of placing glorified bedspreads on their floors.

Tufted fabric manufacturers experimented with rayon (disastrously) and stapled nylon (cut, spun) (with some success) in the 1950s. The most significant advance in terms of raw materials came in the mid-1950s by DuPont Corporation. Fabric manufacturers and others had experimented with DuPont nylon as a fiber for carpets, but nylon lacked the volume needed for floor coverings. DuPont helped ensure that the bust never arrived by developing bulky continuous filament (BCF) nylon in the mid-1950s.

The DuPont initiative was clearly stimulated by the growth in carpet sales. Essentially, tufted manufacturers created a market large enough to justify DuPont's research and development costs. DuPont even helped the new industry by launching its own advertising campaign for carpets made from its trademark 501 nylon in the late 1950s and early 1960s. BCF nylon helped secure the long-term future of the tufted carpet industry.

Tufted carpets used, and still use, a variety of fibers. Stapled nylon could be used in constructions and styles that were not possible with a continuous filament thread: luxurious and lustrous constructions. And in recent years, the industry has increasingly used polypropylene and other continuous filament yarns. However, DuPont BCF nylon (and similar products introduced by Monsanto a little later) are a perfect fit for the least expensive, low-haired low-haired looped constructions that sold best in the emerging market with modest incomes.

Average value of carpet shipments, 1950-1965 (price per square yard) Carpet industry production, 1951-1968 (square yards) The tufted carpet industry was the fourth fastest-growing industry in the country in the 1960s, second only to airplanes, television image tubes and computers. Robert Shaw, CEO of Shaw Industries, which for two decades was the country's leading carpet manufacturer, recalled the late 1950s and 1960s as the era of the “gold coast” in the Dalton area, an era in which demand constantly exceeded supply and small and large manufacturers could succeed with few controls and a “cautious” management style. The brief narrative outlined above describes the rise of an industrial district. By the 1960s, the district had developed several distinct characteristics.

The carpet complex was characterized by the rapid emergence of new brands. No company accounted for up to ten percent of the industry's production. The industry had developed from the deep roots of textile manufacturing and, specifically, the manufacture of bedspreads. Carpet manufacturing grew out of a regional learning process (although it was a small region, similar to Jane Jacobs's “urban regions”).

Rug manufacturing was also a decentralized issue. Some big firms, such as Cabin Crafts and ET, T. Barwick Mills spun part of its own yarn and finished some of its own carpets in-house in the 1960s, but most of the hundreds of small businesses relied on independent spinning or thread production factories and independent custom finishing firms. Carpet finishing provided the industry with significant flexibility.

The factories produced some rugs with pre-dyed yarns, but covered a large number of yards with undyed yarn. This allowed manufacturers to delay the critical color decision for later, increasing the company's flexibility. These services were provided by custom finishing companies. Initially, post-production dyeing was done on ink cartridges or large drums.

In other words, the finalists dyed the rugs by piece (even if they were large pieces, 900 feet or more long). The Dye Becks were produced locally and regionally. The Dalton district offered a classic example of the industrial district of the great Victorian economist Alfred Marshall based on external economies. Clearly, this industry originated in northwestern Georgia because of the unique set of skills developed among managers, mechanics, and workers.

Finishing companies and other suppliers clearly played the role of Marshall's “subsidiary businesses “dedicated “to a small branch of the production process. Innovation and ideas were “in the air,” as Marshall said. With so many companies and workers in close proximity, improvements in technology, management practices, marketing and other areas were quickly transmitted to the entire industry. Paul Krugman has observed that, although different in many ways, the relatively low-tech carpet industry in the Appalachian foothills was quite similar to that of the high-tech Silicon Valley in these respects.

This rug was made in Turkey at the beginning of the 15th century and was brought to Stockholm through a small town called Marby. This is because the carpet acts as a filter, extracting pollutants from the air and trapping the contaminants until they are removed with a vacuum or professional carpet cleaner. The art of making carpets probably developed on the plains of Central Asia several thousand years ago. Northeastern carpet manufacturers tried a variety of approaches in the late 1940s and early 1950s to reverse the fortunes of their industry, but they had little success.

Pieces of polyurethane foam adhere to the carpet padding, and the colors are combined to distinguish it from other types of carpet padding. The Axminster carpet was a unique floor covering first manufactured in a factory founded in Axminster, Devon, in 1755 by fabric weaver Thomas Whitty. Despite the impact of industrialization, the areas where Wilton carpets were produced in Brussels remained centered on the cities of Wilton, Kidderminster in the West Midlands and West Yorkshire, where the firm of John Crossley and Sons from Halifax became synonymous with carpet manufacturing. Indian rugs are known for their designs with attention to detail and the presentation of realistic attributes.

Traditionally, royal and aristocratic women made embroidered rugs at home, but there has been some commercial manufacturing since steel needles were introduced (the first needles were made of bone) and linen fabric improved in the 16th century. Rugs that cover an entire room are loosely referred to as “wall-to-wall”, but carpets can be installed over any part of the room with the use of appropriate transitional moldings when the carpet is combined with other types of floor coverings. During this period, probably the most splendid and perhaps the most famous carpet in the world, the Ardabil carpet was produced. In some cases, a real red carpet is used for VIPs and celebrities to walk, such as at the Cannes Film Festival and when foreign dignitaries are welcomed to a country.

Brussels carpets have a smooth, slightly ribbed surface and their pattern is well defined, a characteristic feature of the carpet. However, in recent decades, the carpet industry in Chiprovtsi has been in decline, as it had lost its strong foreign markets. In the Middle East, the manufacture of carpets and carpets became a domestic industry in which people made carpets for their own use. .


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