The meaning of the term carpet changed in the 15th century to refer to floor coverings. Proto-Indo-European root meaning to collect, uproot, harvest. The patterns of these first rugs were composed of geometric or curvilinear motifs. Handmade rugs are made of transitional materials and very old discoveries are rare.
The oldest known carpet was found in 1947 during excavations in Siberia. The carpet, which is named after its place of discovery, is called the Pazyryk carpet or Gorny-Altai carpet. It measures 183 x 200 cm and is framed by a border of faucets. It has a knot density of approximately 360,000 knots per square meter.
The craftsmanship of its construction is of the highest quality and the carpet has a higher knot density than most carpets you see in stores today. The pattern is very interesting, the center is formed by a ribbon motif, on the edge you can see a procession with deer and on the other edge with warriors on horseback. This rug was probably made in Armenia or Persia around 400 BC. And when it was discovered it was deeply frozen in a block of ice, which is why it is so well preserved.
The carpet can be seen at the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. This is due to the discovery of the Pazyryk carpet in Siberia in 1949 by Russian archaeologist Sergei Rudenko. When you get out of the vacuum to sweep away the Christmas cookie crumbs, you take a second to wonder where the carpet came from.
And while carpeting has sometimes been misunderstood (it's the fault of allergies and hard maintenance), today's carpet products have an unbeatable stain guarantee and a waterproof backing, making them a popular choice among interior design circles. The Axminster carpet was a unique floor covering originally manufactured in a factory founded in Axminster, Devon, England, in 1755 by fabric weaver Thomas Whitty. The Bigelow mechanical loom doubled carpet production the first year after its creation and has continued to become one of the leading carpet brands in the United States, remaining at the forefront of the most recent carpet technology and inventions. Tiles, warp printing, needle-punched fibers and double-sided carpets increased the capacity of the carpet trade to address specific areas, prices and fashion requirements.
Pieces of polyurethane foam are attached to the carpet padding, and the colors are combined to distinguish it from other types of carpet padding. However, wool was expensive at the time, so only wealthier new Americans could buy carpets in their homes. Most people just call them vacuums, but very cut carpet fiber can be swept away with a broom, as is the case in bars and some restaurants. One afternoon, after 4 months of running between a pillar and a pole, I was looking at large carpets through the transparent glass of a very famous carpet store on Park Street, this time in Calcutta.
These antique rugs were created to make sitting on the floor more comfortable and were the beginning of the global carpet industry. Rudenko believed that the carpet was part of the Achaemenid Empire, but its real origin is still unknown. As time and technology allowed, its carpet industry grew, making it possible to manufacture quality carpets in a short time. The carpet, which dates from the mid-16th century, incorporates ten colors in a pattern that represents a shield in the center.
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